Posts for: June, 2019
If your child has just been diagnosed with diabetes, it’s important that you have a pediatrician you can turn to in order to create a customized and effective treatment plan. While diabetes cannot be cured, diagnosing, and treating your child’s diabetes as soon as possible is key to helping them maintain a long, healthy and happy life.
There are two different kinds of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, usually happens during childhood. This autoimmune disorder occurs when the body attacks the pancreas so that it doesn’t produce insulin. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes in adults; however, children can also develop type 2 diabetes.
Unfortunately, with the increase in childhood obesity our doctors are seeing a rise in type 2 diabetes in children, as well. The pancreas of children and teens with type 2 diabetes does produce insulin but the body just doesn’t properly respond to it.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Both types of diabetes often present with the same symptoms including:
- Increased hunger and thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Sores and cuts that don’t heal properly
Other symptoms may include:
- Mood swings
- Unexpected weight loss
- Numbness or tingling
Treating Type 1 Diabetes
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. Since your child’s body doesn’t produce insulin this means that they will need to receive daily insulin injections. Along with taking these injections, you will need to monitor your child’s blood sugar every day to make sure their levels aren’t too high or don’t drop too quickly.
Treating Type 2 Diabetes
Even though children and teens with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, the body doesn’t respond properly to it. Because of this, your child will need to take daily medication to maintain healthy glucose levels. As with type 1 diabetes, daily blood sugar monitoring is necessary to make sure that the medication your pediatrician prescribed is effective.
Along with taking medication, there are certain lifestyle modifications that can also go a long way to controlling your child’s type 2 diabetes. In fact, sometimes type 2 can be reversed with a healthy diet and regular exercise alone, depending on the severity. Lifestyle modifications include:
- Eating a healthy balanced diet
- Limiting sugar and carbs, which can spike blood sugar
- Getting at least 30 minutes of exercise a day most days of the week
- Losing excess weight and maintaining a healthy weight
If your child is experiencing symptoms of diabetes or if you have questions about the best way to treat your little one’s diabetes don’t hesitate to contact your pediatrician for an appointment.
Your seven-year-old complains of a sore throat. She is running a fever and says that the sides of her throat feel puffy. Does she have strep throat? Here at 7 Days Pediatrics, in Edison, NJ, our team of six board-certified children's doctors can help you find the answer!
It's pretty common
Strep throat is a common childhood illness affecting kids up to age 15 before becoming less frequent in adulthood.
Different from the throat discomfort that results from the common cold, strep isn't caused by a virus, but rather, from a bacteria called Streptococcus pyrogenes. Detected through a throat examination (visual inspection) and throat culture, strep throat requires treatment with an antibiotic to quell symptoms and avoid complications.
Why strep can be dangerous
Besides the symptoms of painful sore throat, fever, fatigue, and stomach ache, strep can cause swollen glands in the neck which then impede the airway and create complications in other bodily systems. Untreated, strep throat may also lead to rheumatic fever, a debilitating illness which damages the heart valves and joints.
The strep test
Your Edison children's doctor uses a rapid strep test to detect this bacteria quickly. All it takes is a quick throat swab, with results appearing in 10 to 15 minutes. Your pediatrician may send a sample to a medical lab for a culture and analysis to confirm the diagnosis of strep throat.
Most children respond well to treatment with antibiotics. Amoxycillin is a common choice to combat the illness, while ibuprofen and acetaminophen can be used to lessen any pain. Parents should also push fluids, offer a soft diet, and ensure that children rest for a couple of days after beginning treatment.
To help avoid contracting strep throat (and other communicable diseases, such as the flu and the common cold), practice careful hand washing, cough/sneeze into a tissue, and stay out of crowds during the winter months.
Strep throat? We can help
At 7 Days Pediatrics, your sick child will see a real pediatrician whatever day of the week you bring them to the office. We offer exceptionally skilled and compassionate care for both acute and chronic conditions, as well as provide immunizations, well-child check-ups, and more.
Call us at (732) 548-3210 to schedule an appointment with one of our children's doctors. We have two offices in Edison and one in South Plainfield.
Your child's sports injury can be treated just as your injury was. Or, can it? Your pediatrician knows that a child's body is still developing, responding differently to acute and overuse injuries from organized sports, gym class, and more. As such, he or she can help your child avoid injury and in the event of sprain, strain, laceration, dislocation, or head injury, will help your youngster recover and stay healthy.
Kids sports injuries
They're very common, says the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Annually, 3.5 million American children under the age of 14 suffer significant sports injuries. Some injuries are related to poor conditioning. Others occur because of inadequate instruction or proper protective gear such as padding, eye wear, sneakers, dance shoes, skates, and cleats.
In addition, diligent supervision on the part of parents, coaches, teachers, and other well-informed adults is critical to safe play. Well-maintained game fields and indoor surfaces avoid foot, ankle, and knee injuries.
Finally, KidsHealth reports that Pre-participation Physicals review medical histories and spot possible weaknesses in children's physiology and anatomy. Most school and organized sports teams require these check-ups either with the school physician or the family pediatrician before the sports season commences.
Treating sports injuries
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states that proper assessment and prompt treatment of kids' sports injuries prevent long-term problems, including pain and proper growth of areas of the body such as the long bones. Traditionally, coaches and parents have used the RICE protocol to stabilize and injury, relieve pain, and begin the healing process. It still works exceptionally well. RICE stands for:
- Ice to the affected area
- Compression with an elastic bandage
- Elevation of the affected limb/injured area above heart level
Then, your pediatrician and other health care providers can devise a specific treatment plan to include physical therapy, strengthening exercises, over the counter analgesics, braces, and casts as needed. As a parent, you know your child well. So be sure to fully participate in your youngster's care plan.
Be safe, be well
Each child responds differently to athletic training depending on his or her gender, size, age, physical conditioning, underlying health issue,s and natural ability. You and your pediatrician can partner together in encouraging a safe sports season for your child. That's a win-win situation.